Email Updates

Enter your email address to receive updates and previews.

Browse By Topic

Health Care


First, Take No Stand

Summer 2019Aaron Kheriaty shows how on assisted suicide, the medical profession ducks behind “neutrality”

Jonas Salk, the People’s Scientist

Summer/Fall 2018Algis Valiunas on how the man who vanquished polio won the public’s love but never the respect of his peers

Toward a More Human Medicine

Spring 2017Aaron Rothstein on doctors, parts, and persons

Biomedicine and Its Cultural Authority

Winter 2016

Joseph E. Davis on the origins of our “health society” and why holistic medicine doesn’t catch on

A Feeling for Pain

Spring 2014Ronald W. Dworkin on the trouble with scientific explanations in anesthesiology

Character Formation and the Origins of AA

Winter/Spring 2013Lewis M. Andrews on the forgotten legacy of early American college presidents

Doctors Within Borders

Fall 2012Caitrin Nicol revisits Anne Fadiman’s tale of two cultures and the life of Lia Lee

Putting Health in Perspective

Summer 2012Yuval Levin on how prioritizing health shapes our politics

Health Food and the Double Helix

The Promise of Nutrigenomics

Summer 2011Whitney K. Franz

Doctors Go Digital

How Information Technology Is Changing American Health Care

Summer 2011Jeffrey C. Rowe



Blog Posts

Obamacare's Mandate Meltdown

January 21, 2014

Jeffrey Anderson and I have a column in the New York Post on why the individual mandate is unlikely to persuade Americans to buy into the Obamacare exchanges.

The ObamaCare law thus made insurance a less valuable product for most people, even as it pushed up the cost of buying it.

The coercion of the individual mandate was supposed to balance the equation, but it’s far too weak to do so — and it’s getting weaker each time the administration proclaims another exemption.

You can read the rest of the column here.


Unwinding Obamacare

January 17, 2014

Now that 2014 has arrived, the Affordable Care Act is no longer a theoretical proposition, but a policy that is in now being implemented. But, as my colleague Yuval Levin and I explain in a piece in The Weekly Standard, there are still parts of the law that conservatives can and should try to stop from being implemented, both to protect Americans from the worst effects of the wrong-headed law, and to help build the case for its eventual repeal.

Especially troubling is the “risk corridor” provision of the law, under which taxpayers are on the hook for covering large portions of the losses that insurers incur on the Obamacare exchanges. If an insurer pays out claims that exceed 108 percent of its premium collections, taxpayers would cover about 75 percent of its losses.

A mirror-image provision is also supposed to recoup 75 percent of any profits above 108 percent of premium collections. But because Obamacare’s design is so flawed and its rollout has been so bungled, enrollees in the exchange insurance plans are likely to be significantly older and sicker than the insurance company actuaries assumed (there was also a great deal of political pressure on insurers to lowball their premiums in this first year of the program). There will thus likely be few if any insurers rebating profits under this risk-corridor provision, only a large cost to the taxpayer. The insurers are counting on this massive bailout to avoid a bloodbath of losses from Obamacare.

You can read the rest of the article here.

The HHS Mandate Goes Live

January 6, 2014

In the midst of the disastrous launch of the federal and state insurance exchanges in the final weeks of 2013, it was easy to forget about one of the other seriously problematic elements of Obamacare that came into effect with the new year: the HHS contraception mandate.  But, as I argue in a column at National Review Online, one of the saddest things about this debacle is how the rights of religious employers have been trampled for no other reason than providing Democrats with a divisive social issue to run on in the 2012 election.

As the legal wrangling continues, it’s easy to fall into the trap of assuming that this clash between sweeping health-policy objectives and religious freedom was inevitable at some point, and that a judicial remedy can help define where the lines should be drawn going forward.

But this is far too benign a view of how this issue came about. There was nothing inevitable about this fight. The truth is that the Obama administration manufactured this confrontation and did so for entirely political reasons. Prior to 2011, the Obama administration never argued that the lack of access to “free” contraceptives and sterilization procedures, especially among women, was a burning national crisis that demanded immediate attention. The administration never raised this as an issue because there was no such crisis. Contraceptives have long been readily available and inexpensive in this country. The federal government subsidizes large numbers of clinics that provide these products essentially at no direct cost to consumers or for very low cost.

You can read the rest of the piece here at NRO.


The Enduring Myth of the Individual ‘Mandate’

December 11, 2013

Supporters of the Affordable Care Act have always had a difficult time talking about the “individual mandate,” since it is at the same time the most strikingly coercive and heavy-handed element of the law while also being essential for making the law work. As I argue in a column at National Review Online, however, the Supreme Court's decision last June to uphold Obamacare also undermined the legal and moral force of the “mandate” by ruling that it was only legitimate if understood as an optional tax on the uninsured, not a legal mandate obligating citizens to purchase health insurance.  

Though the law’s supporters believe the threat of the mandate is critical to forcing people into the Obamacare exchanges, they don’t want to admit this directly to voters. So the mandate is mentioned often in policy circles, but seldom by supporters when communicating in the media or directly to voters. Every once in a while, though, when pressed in more public settings on why they think the young will sign up for coverage, they are forced to admit that it’s due in part to their faith in the mandate — as Zeke Emanuel did on Fox News Sunday over the weekend.

The ambivalent embrace of the mandate by Obamacare’s authors is reflected in the law’s construction. Initially, the mandate’s year-by-year penalties were set at much higher levels, but they were lowered by Democrats on the Senate Finance Committee to protect themselves from political attacks by Republicans. As enacted, the mandate’s penalties are very low, especially relative to the premiums charged by insurers in the exchanges, and especially in the first two years. In 2014, the penalty, or tax, is the greater of (a) a per-person tax of $95 per adult and $47.50 per child, up to a maximum of $285, or (b) 1 percent of total household income. The tax rises to 2 percent of household income in 2015. A typical household of four people with an income of $40,000 will face a mandate tax of $400 in 2014. That compares with premium payments of $1,500 to $3,000 for the typical low-cost insurance offerings, even after the federal subsidies are netted out of the premium costs.

You can read the rest of the column here.

Obamcare's Troubles Are Far From Over

December 9, 2013

Though the Obama administration appears to have fixed the most obvious problems with the website, the troubles with the implementation of the Affordable Care Act are far from over. As I argue in a column at e21, it is far from clear that is working as well as it needs to, and in any case, some glitches on a website are far from the most serious problems facing Obamacare's implementation.

Further, multiple media reports indicate that insurers are still not receiving accurate enrollment information in many cases. Fully one-third of the sign-ups in October were corrupted, meaning that there are already several thousand Americans who think they have signed up successfully for health insurance but really have not. And the administration now admits that, even after the supposed fixes to the system over the past month, there is still a ten percent error rate in the transmission of enrollment applications to insurers. If that holds in the coming weeks, and the administration keeps beating the bushes to get more people to sign up through the website, there will be hundreds of thousands of Americans who think they have health insurance come January 1 but do not. The backlash from these botched enrollments will only add to the legend of the Obamacare implementation fiasco.

And then there is the still unresolved issue of insurance cancellations. The administration is pleased that there were supposedly 29,000 people enrolling in coverage in the first two days of December through But that per day rate implies 345,000 sign-ups by December 23rd through the federal website—well short of the five million who have received notices indicating their insurance will terminate effective January 1. The president’s half-hearted and lawless attempt to allow these people to keep their old policies in 2014 may reduce those facing a break in coverage somewhat, and others are likely to purchase new plans outside of the exchanges. Even so, if only 2 million people are facing a break in coverage on January 1, that is still 85,000 people per day through online enrollment—well above anything experienced to date at the federal and state-run websites.

You can read the rest of the column here.

Another Broken Promise

Obamacare Is Driving Costs Up, Not Down
November 27, 2013

One of the few major promises made by the president about the Affordable Care Act that has not been exposed as empty and false in the wake of the law's disastrous rollout has been that Obamacare will drive overall health care costs down. In a post on The Weekly Standard's blog yesterday, I show why the recent claim by the president's Council of Economic Advisors that Obamacare will drive down health care costs is mistaken.

The CEA paper attempts to make the case for Obamacare by looking at trends from the most recent release of National Health Expenditure (NHE) projections.  The NHE data, compiled by the independent Office of the Actuary in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), does show a slowdown in health spending in recent years.  NHE spending growth per capita has averaged 3.1 percent since 2010, down from 5.9 percent in the previous decade. 

But the slowdown did not start abruptly in 2010.  In 2002, NHE spending per capita rose 8.5 percent and then began to slow over the ensuring years.  In 2008, NHE spending per capita rose just 3.7 percent – two years before Obamacare was enacted.

You can read the rest of the piece here.

Keeping the Pressure on Obamacare

November 20, 2013

The disastrous implementation of the Obamacare health insurance exchanges on October 1 has left the left health care law more vulnerable than ever. As I argue in a column at National Review Online, Republicans need to continue to push back against the most problematic and unpopular elements of the legislation to both protect Americans losing their insurance because of Obamacare, and to hasten the eventual repeal and replacement of the law with a better alternative.

The first order of business remains thinking through what to do about canceled individual-market policies. Prior to last week, it would have been unthinkable that the White House would unilaterally adopt a policy allowing millions of people to stay in their individual-insurance plans in 2014. After all, notwithstanding that famous presidential pledge, a major focus of Obamacare is the termination of the individual insurance market and the shifting of that market’s participants into the Obamacare exchanges in 2014. An escape route that allows large numbers of current individual-insurance enrollees to avoid the exchanges in 2014 (even one with its own set of traps) raises the very real possibility that the exchanges will falter before they ever get started.

This does not mean that the GOP should be applauding the White House’s supposed “fix.” For starters, the administration’s plan is completely lawless, as many others have noted. The president has not altered any regulations or asked Congress to provide a carve-out for the 2013 insurance plans. He instead announced he would not enforce the law for a year, which the administration claims should be enough for state regulators and the insurance industry to reopen the canceled plans.

Of course, this is not the way to run the government. In the near term, it’s not at all clear that states and insurers aren’t still exposed legally. What if an insurance enrollee sues an insurer for not providing an Obamacare-required benefit? Would that have standing in court? Who knows?

You can read the rest of the column here.


The Upton Bill Is No Small Matter

November 14, 2013

With millions of Americans facing the prospect of losing their health insurance in the new year because of the Affordable Care Act, something needs to be done to provide some relief for the people whose health care is threatened by this poorly thought out and poorly implemented law. A bill introduced by House Republicans, led by Energy and Commerce Committee chairman Fred Upton, would offer some help to the people facing the difficult prospect of losing their health insurance, and as I argue in a piece at The Weekly Standard, even though this bill would not be a panacea for the fatally flawed Affordable Care Act, it is a good start.

The concept of the Upton bill is straightforward: it removes the impediments in Obamacare that have forced insurers to issue the cancellations in the first place.  Specifically, it would allow insurers to continue offering individual insurance market policies under the state insurance rules that are in effect in 2013. As a practical matter, that means these insurance plans will be able to offer coverage at far lower premiums than the Obamacare-compliant plans will charge because the plans made viable by the Upton bill will not be forced to subsidize the less healthy risk pool that is likely to show up in the Obamacare exchanges.  Further, the Upton bill would allow individuals to stay in these reopened insurance plans without fear of being penalized for not enrolling in Obamacare-compliant products. 

There has been a lot of commentary recently that the Upton proposal won’t really do much because insurers do not have the capacity to reopen plans in time to get people coverage by January 1. And it is certainly true that reversing the cancellations will entail significant expense and trouble for the insurance industry.

But that does not mean it is impossible. It’s worth noting the California insurance commissioner is forcing two insurers to reverse cancellations for hundreds of thousands of individual market plan enrollees, and the insurers are reluctantly complying to keep people in their plans beyond January 1. In that case, operational issues were not impossible to overcome.

You can read the rest of the post here.


It’s Already Too Late to Avoid the Train Wreck

November 12, 2013

Though the administration has secured a month’s reprieve from the woes of implementing the Affordable Care Act by promising that the dysfunctional online enrollment system will be up and running by the end of November, as I argue in a column at e21, the delayed launch of the program has already caused serious problems that will not be solved by fixing the website.

The immediate problem for the administration is that even with a perfectly functional enrollment and data transmission system, it would be challenging to process new insurance enrollments of 4 million or so people in a two week period. Given the track record of to date, it is highly unlikely that the system will be able to handle that much volume in that short of a time frame.

Moreover, it is also completely unrealistic, not to mention unreasonable, to expect so many Americans to suddenly become comfortable again with, enter their personal financial information into it, and then select an insurance plan—in just a two-week period. For starters, contrary to the president’s assertions, many of the current enrollees in individual market plans will not be impressed by the premiums, cost-sharing requirements, and provider networks of the exchange plans. If and when the web site becomes more operational, the administration will face another political firestorm from the rate shock that is built into Obamacare’s cost structure.

You can read the rest of the column here.  On Monday, I appeared on the Kudlow Report to talk about what should be done to mitigate the Obamacare train wreck, and you can watch a portion of that segment here.

Debating Ezekiel Emanuel on the Obamacare Launch

November 6, 2013 • On Sunday I was invited to appear on Chris Wallace's program to discuss the Obamacare rollout and its impact on the insurance market with one of the law's architects, Ezekiel Emanuel. You can watch a video of the debate, or read a transcript at